Investigation of Active Life Balancing to Recondition Li-ion Battery Packs for 2nd Life


An investigation is presented into the application of active life balancing battery management systems to recondition inhomogeneous Li-ion battery packs and achieve homogeneity in capacity for second life. This paper proposes a life balancing objective map, which controls the state of charge references for each cell in a battery pack based on its capacity relative to other cells. The impacts of life balancing objective maps on the reconditioning time and overall pack capacity fade are considered. Moreover, the proposed approach accounts for various load and environmental effects, including depth-of-discharge, battery pack temperature, number of cycles per day, and cells’ resting time at various states of charge. The study results in a battery pack with convergent capacities achieved in minimal time, while curtailing overall capacity fade. Simulation results for a battery pack with sixteen series connected 75 Ah Kokam NMC cells with 3.6% initial capacity imbalance are presented, indicating a reconditioning time of 1.34 months with a final capacity imbalance of 0.1% and an overall capacity fade of 0.005%.

See publication:
This publication pertains to:
Charging Stations
Publication Authors:
  • Marium Rasheed
  • Mohamad Kamel
  • Hongjie Wang
  • Regan Zane
  • Kandler Smith
It appeared in:
Peer-reviewed conference proceedings
life balancing , battery management system , Li ion battery , second life battery , reconditioning , SOH