A Control-Oriented Reduced-Order Model for Lithium-Metal Batteries


Lithium-metal batteries (LMB) are attractive for energy-storage applications because of their high specific energy and energy density. Unlike lithium-ion batteries (LIB), LMB have metallic lithium anodes which introduce complications to modeling their long-term behavior. In particular, a dead-lithium layer grows over time, and this must be described in any battery-management-system (BMS) model to enable producing good long-term estimates of state-of-charge, state-of-health, and power limits. This letter shows how to convert an LMB PDE model from the literature into a reduced-order control-oriented format suitable for implementation in BMS algorithms.

See publication:
This publication pertains to:
Charging Stations
Publication Authors:
  • Aloisio Kawakita de Souza
  • Wesley Hileman
  • Scott Trimboli
  • Gregory Plett
It appeared in:
Peer-reviewed technical journal
Battery models