Using Connected Vehicle Data for Assessing Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure Usge and Investment Opportunities

With the projected growth of electric vehicles, there is a need for well-planned and equitable investment in the charging infrastructure. Connected vehicle data holds immense promise to understand the usage of electric and hybrid vehicles and thus inform policy. This paper discusses the use of connected vehicle data to inform decision makers on those investments. Approximately 218 billion connected vehicle records across 1,014 counties in 11 states in the continental United States were analyzed to develop an aggregated dataset of 51 million vehicle miles traveled by battery electric and hybrid electric vehicles over a one-month period in 2021. This dataset was used to assess the current usage of existing electric vehicle charging infrastructure and also suggest metrics for prioritizing investments at the statewide, city and county level. This dataset and companion methodologies illustrate the need for policy makers and automotive OEMs to work together to develop a shared vision on the use of connected vehicle data to inform policy decisions and to ensure that investments in charging infrastructure support equitable adoption of electric vehicles. The article includes links to the data set to provide an opportunity for the ITE community to begin engaging in this technical analysis and provide a framework for further dialogue with policy makers and the automotive OEMs to broaden the vehicles included in this analysis and extend to all 50 states.